Paper Stock Types

Paper stock types are used for various grades in paper production and publication manufacturing. The stock types mainly connect with the various purposes the paper is encouraged in its end use. The most population will only encounter any stock types concurrently with an activity their works but will stumble upon many of the possible choices in time to time growth. 


Each stock type has a total capacity used and its base heaviness to delimit the paper’s values. Knowing a total capacity is essential in understanding why 30lb Newsprint is a more moderate grade of paper than 20lb Bond. 

What the public means when they discuss the heaviness of a page of paper or card is efficiently the density of that document of concurrence.

There are two agreements now in extensive use for paper weights:

  1. A particularized by ISO 536 is used in Europe and most parts of the globe that use ISO paper sizes, other than an outnumbered group of nations that still use US paper sizes, is grams per square meter (g/m2 or usually gsm).
  2. It is used in those nations that use US paper sizes in the same way as in the United States and Canada. This is famous as the essential load and is generally particularized in pounds (lbs). The base heaviness is a load of a 500-page heap of the complete paper.

See Also: Old English Paper Sizes: Uncut Printing, Drawing Paper & Book


 Grammage is outlined as grams per square meter (g/m2). Accordingly, the heaviness of a sole page of A0 paper outlines the grammage of that paper type as the A0 content is described by ISO 216 as bearing an extent of 1 square meter. An A0 page of 80gsm paper will consider 80 grams, an A0 page of 100gsm paper will contemplate 100 grams, and so forth. 

Basis Weight 

Basis load is a much earlier practice for outlining the load of paper. It was usual in the UK, Europe, and North America, where it is still used, just before the worldwide standardization of paper sizes by ISO 216 and allure public ancestors in European nations. 

basis load

Basis load is outlined as the burden of a heap of the complete paper in pounds (lb) (Note: the # is frequently used lb alternatively when referring to action weights). The full paper sizes are the content used in the production process before the paper was cut to length. There are various types of complete paper; those similarly used for the result of work paper and sheet are Bond Stock, Cover Stock, and Index Stock. The word Stock is frequently discontinued when referring to the various types of paper in their full-cut sizes.


Thus if you have a page of 20lb Bond Letter paper, it will be the regular width as 20lb Bond Legal, even though two together sheets will contemplate various amounts by way of the distinctness in length. However, a page of 28lb Bond Letter amount paper would not go along with a page of 28lb Cover Letter content paper as the full sizes for Bond and Cover are diverse. 

The newspaper has its own stock type, Newsprint, that measures 24” x 36” in complete breadth. This is much taller than the Bond and Cover full sizes, so the ultimate ordinary 30lb Newsprint is a much finer paper than a 20lb bond.

See Also: Japanese Paper Sizes – JIS A, JIS B & Traditional Paper Sizes

Paper Stock Types Uncut Sizes

The following paragraphs outline the uses of the paper stock types that are most usually used.


This paper type was initially presented as a paper for writing and was well absorbent because of its extreme cotton content. Still, its cotton content has decreased in the current age following the arrival of up-to-date imitating and publication machinery.


This is, in a way, paper-bound for most, usually in the direction of buildings. And is used generally in trade correspondence.


Book paper is later titled its basic use in book publication.


It is expected to be a powerful inconsequential paper appropriate for double support ideas or causes public publication.


The cover is what many public would call a card (it is as known or named at another time or place Cardstock).


And repeatedly takes its name from an individual of its basic uses on the covers of published document books. It is frequently secondhand for files, file dividers, trade cards, and postcards.


Index badge is a hard medium to the heavyweight card that absorbs ink well.


The heaviness of cut sheets is related to those of Cover stock.


Lightweight paper utilizing plenty of reused material used around only in Newspapers.


Newspaper stock.


This is used in counterbalance litho publication as the paper is opposed to cutting. 


Offset paper roll.


Text paper is mainly colored and has more surface consistency than Bond stock. Tissue Ultra inconsequential paper, frequently colored and used in skill and artwork.

See Also: Paper Quantities – Ream, Quire, Bundle, Bale & Pallet


What paper stock should I use?

120 – 170gsm

Which paper quality is best?

130-gsm paper

What is the thickest paper stock?

110 lbs

What is GSM paper?

Paper is measured in grams per square metre (GSM). The higher the GSM, the heavier and thicker the paper.

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